How to obtain dual citizenship in Spain and the eligible countries

How to Obtain Dual Citizenship in Spain and the Eligible Countries and More

Here we discover how to obtain dual citizenship in Spain and the eligible countries and the elimination of visa requirements for over 150 countries, as the Spanish passport holds considerable visa exemption power.

The ability to pass on dual nationality to children and immediate relatives.
Retaining citizenship in your country of origin, maintaining a strong connection to your roots and emotional ties.

In this post we cover the following: (click any section to see its content)


Renouncing your former nationality is generally a requirement when applying for Spanish citizenship, with few exceptions. The process varies depending on your country of origin, but some general guidelines apply. First and foremost, you must enter Spain, obtain a residence permit, and fulfill the required period of residency to become eligible for citizenship. The residency period can range from 1 to 10 years, depending on specific circumstances. Once you meet the residency requirement and your application is accepted, you will need to renounce your former passport. This involves visiting a consulate or embassy of your home country and signing the necessary paperwork, officially declaring your intention to relinquish your former citizenship. From that point forward, your former passport becomes invalid and cannot be used for any purpose.


Understanding the implications of dual nationality is crucial for those seeking a second citizenship. Holding citizenship in two different countries simultaneously means having legal ties to both nations. However, it does not require individuals to adhere to the laws of both countries simultaneously, as that would create complexity and potential conflicts. The majority of dual nationality treatments stipulate that the applicable legislation is determined by the country in which you currently reside. This ensures clarity and enables individuals to navigate legal obligations in a straightforward manner. Additionally, having dual nationality safeguards Spanish citizenship in cases where citizenship is obtained from a country with which Spain has a dual-nationality agreement.


If you possess two nationalities, such as American-Mexican or Italian-Argentinian, you must apply for Spanish citizenship using the same nationality you used to enter Spain. It is not possible to enter with one nationality and apply with the other. This is due to the potential benefits certain countries, particularly those in Latin America, offer in terms of reduced residency requirements for Spanish citizenship. Individuals from former Spanish colonies, for instance, are exempt from the DELE exam, which tests Spanish language proficiency. Conversely, entering Spain with European nationality simplifies the process of obtaining residency through the EU registration certificate. It is crucial to consider both short-term and long-term consequences before making a decision. Ensure that your application aligns with the same citizenship used to obtain your NIE number and residency permit. If you prioritize avoiding a 10-year residency period, but acknowledge that residency requirements may be more challenging, entering Spain with your Latin-American nationality may be the preferred route. Please note that the Spanish language test can be avoided regardless of the nationality used for entry.

The process and implications of dual citizenship in the Regions-of-Spain is essential for those seeking Spanish nationality and it offers numerous benefits.

Please see-here our video-blog with options and legal-advice to obtain residency in Spain.

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Permanent residency is obtained after 5 years of Spanish Residency through Self-Empoyed Residency or Non-Lucrative Residency, Spain or Residency through Investment. This followed by 5 years as a permanent resident and means you can then obtain Spanish Citizenship with a Spanish Passport.

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